From nine working models to two sector plans
In June 2008, VTM presented its report entitled ‘A Flywheel for Twente’. In its report, VTM recommended that two proposed sector plans for the area - one with an airport and one without - be developed from the original nine working models into structural visions. A structural vision is a spatial planning design providing a broad outline of how the area will ultimately look.
Variant A is based on the model without airport that was drafted with the input of social parties. It made good use of the business case that was drawn up by the Stichting Alternatieven Vliegveld Twente. This model combines agricultural activities, recreational and various care-related functions, and therefore aligns well with one of the strong sectors of Twente’s economy. It can create new jobs in both the lower and upper layers of the labour market. The development could require ten years to complete.
Variant B is based on a compact civil airport in a green area with possibilities for (innovative) job creation. In practice, the development and realisation of such an airport will take place step by step. This model corresponds with the expectation of many residents and parties such as the Chamber of Commerce, Twente-based entrepreneurs and the Innovation Network that a properly functioning civil airport will have a flywheel effect for the economy of Twente.
The decision to opt for two sector plans came about after a multi-criteria analysis assessing the relative performance of the nine working models. Would you like to ‘turn the dials’ on the multi-criteria analysis for yourself? If so, click here.
During the regional round of debates, the report was presented to give everyone the chance to provide their own response. Approximately 100 responses were submitted. VTM gave its own reaction in a response memorandum. This response memorandum and the report were submitted for decision-making to VTM’s commissioning parties: the Enschede municipal council, the Province of Overijssel and the Ministerial Commissioners’ Council. In October and November 2008, they agreed to the two sector plans being developed into two draft structural visions.
What will happen in 2009?
In the second half of 2008, VTM began work on developing the sector plans A and B into two draft structural visions. This process will be continued in 2009. Alongside the spatial design, there will also be an investigation into whether there is market demand for both sector plans. Additional market research will also take place into the concept of ‘The Twente Basis’ as a possible development of the plan without an airport. This concept was developed by a number of social parties and is focused on a ‘care & cure’ approach. The market strategy for both variants will also be further developed. VTM will also investigate the financial feasibility of the variants. Finally, for each variant there will be an EIA and an SCBA, assessing the impact of the plans on the environment and on society as a whole.
Based on this information, an assessment will be made as to which variant is best placed to ensure the realisation of an economically stronger and more sustainable Twente. The draft decision on the future of the airport will be made in the summer of 2009 There will then be another opportunity for consultation as in 2008.
In 2009, VTM will continue to ensure that social parties are intensely involved in the development of Twente airport and its surroundings.
For information on the consultation process, see: your ideas?
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From working model to promising plans
End of 2007 the VTM first developed four working models for the development of the area: two with an airport and two without. The VTM did this in interaction with the surrounding area. Among other things, the surrounding area consists of public organisations, business people and the neighbouring municipalities (Hengelo, Oldenzaal, Losser and Dinkelland).
These parties have studied the models and given their comments. This resulted in 4 optimised models (1b to 4b in the report ‘A Flywheel for Twente’).
In addition, public organisations have developed a model without an airport. This model has ‘care, cure & wellness’ facilities - located in a landscape of greenery and water features – as the key features of the plan. This alternative came about with the assistance of ‘Serious Game’ in which one can experience and evaluate the area development in a virtual, ‘SimCity’-type environment. View an impression of the working method of T-Xchange in cooperation with Grontmij.
The Stichting Alternatieven Vliegveld Twente contributed to this and also commissioned the business case “Care & Cure Landgoed De Twentse Basis” (download from library).
The VTM continues to receive many ideas, including from business people who see potential in the area development.